Animal Recycling to Stop in France
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BSE and nvCJD and zoo cases by year and country
France to ban all animal-based feed
BSE test for all older cattle in the EU
Italy's health minister says people should eat without fear
Human vaccine prepared in animal brains
UK government efforts to sabotage Dealler
British embargo on French beef sought
3rd lion dies of BSE
Windfall profits for US soybean exports?

BSE and nvCJD cases by year and country

11 Nov 00 data.  See Jan Braakman site for most recent updates
BSE cases by year and country
19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000Total
UK [a] 4462514722814407253593728035090244361456281494393323521571067 na
Britain [b]442218471371418125032366823437023945143028016431231792254 1053[b] 177416
N Ireland [a]03301001703324973631708128186131801
Belgium[c]0000000000163818
Danmark[d]000001*000000012
France [e]0000501431261831 96 [e] 176
Ireland [f]0015 14 17 18 1619 16 7480839690538
Liechtenstein000000000002 002
Luxembourg000000000010001
Netherland [g]000000000022 [g]206
Portugal [h]0001*1*1*3 *1214293010617099 [h] 458
Switzerland [i]00019152963684538145031 [i] 360
Canada





1*






1
Falklands

1*










1
Germany




1*
3*

2*


6
Italy






2*





2
Oman

2*










2
Total (excl UK)001816323650103101159160231350323na
 * = imported case
na = not available
[+] United States: last reported case 1985, Stetsonville, Wisconsin, detected in mink fed downer dairy, not scrapie, not British BSE.
[a] United Kingdom (source OIE), Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey: Data Sept 2000 (source: BSE Inquiry report); Northern Ireland: data as at 29 Sept 2000, source Dept of Agt and Rural Dev., Northern Ireland
[b] Great Britain: 81 slaughtered cases still under examination. Data as at 27 Octob 2000 (source: MAFF) 
[c] Belgium Last case 20 Oct 2000
[d] Denmark: Last case 25 Feb 2000; excluding 2 exported cases, detected, diagnosed and confirmed in Portugal and Ireland, resp.
[e] France: import data 11 Nov 00 imports excluding exported cases to Portugal and Ireland * 37 of the cases were
detected by Prionics BSE test * three additional cases, reported by Agence France Press, not yet confirmed by Ag Ministry imports including 1 imported case from Switzerland.
[f] Ireland: Including imported cases from Denmark, France, UK and Netherlands. Data as at 6 Oct 2000 
[g] Netherlands: excluding exported cases; detected, diagnosed and confirmed in UK and Ireland; last case: 10 Mar 1999
[h] Portugal: Including 2 imported cases in 2000: 1 from Denmark, 1 from France. Portugese authoroties consider these cases technically as not Portugese. Data as at 30 Sept 2000
[i] Switzerland: data as at 1 Nov 2000; 14 cases detected by Prionics test; excluding 1 exported case to France

nvCJD cases by year and country
Referrals Sporadic Iatrogenic familialalivedeadnvCJD Year Total
1985 - 26 1 1 -

28
1986 - 26 0 0 -

26
1987 - 23 0 1 -

24
1988 - 22 1 1-

24
1989 - 28 2 2 -

32
1990 53 28 5 0 -

33
1991 75 32 1 3-

36
1992 96 43 2 6-

51
1993 78 38 4 4-

46
1994 116 51 1 7-

59
1995 87 35 4 5-
3 47
1996 134 40 4 6-
10 60
1997 161 59 6 5-
10 80
1998 154 63 3 4-
18 88
1999 169 61 6 2- - 15 83
2000 151 30 0 14 4 21 60

Table shows UK data. Ireland has 1 case; France 3 cases: 2 confirmed, 1 alive, first case was probable iatrogenic nvCJD (body-builder who injected bovine pituitary extract); US has 4-5 anomalous cases not confirmed as nvCJD.

Names of two French victims have been put in the public domain:
-- Laurence Duhamel, who died at the age of 36 in February 1999
-- Arnaud Eboli, 19, still alive 15 Nov 00

The three columns for nvCJD: confirmed but still alive, confirmed and deceased but no autopsy yet, and fully confirmed and deceased (includes 7 probable deaths from nvCJD where neuropathological confirmation will never be possible).

Data to 3 November 2000 (29 cases in 10 months, projecting to 35 for full year). Total number of definite and probable cases of nvCJD = 85. The next table will be published on Monday 4th December 2000.

85 zoo animals (24 species) with BSE in 4 countries:
Id   TSE  Genus     Species  Subsp       Birth  Origin          Death Place of Death
654  x  Microcebus  murinus  -            1997  U.Montpellier   1998  U.Montpellier
656  x  Microcebus  murinus  -            1997  U.Montpellier   1998  U.Montpellier
481  +  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1974  Madagascar      1992  Montpellier zoo
474  +  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1974  Madagascar      1990  Montpellier zoo
584  -  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1984  Montpellier     1991  Montpellier zoo
455  +  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1983  Montpellier     1989  Montpellier zoo
 -   +  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1988  Montpellier     1992  Montpellier zoo
 -   +  Eulemur     fulvus  mayottensis   1995  Montpellier     1996  Montpellier zoo
 -   +  Eulemur     fulvus  albifrons     1988  Paris           1992  Montpellier zoo
 -   +  Eulemur     fulvus  albifrons     1988  Paris           1990  Montpellier zoo
 -   +  Eulemur     fulvus  albifrons     1988  Paris           1992  Montpellier zoo
456  +  Eulemur     fulvus  albifrons     1988  Paris           1990  Montpellier zoo
586  +  Eulemur     mongoz  -             1979  Madagascar      1998  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Eulemur     mongoz  -             1989  Mulhouse        1991  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Eulemur     mongoz  -             1989  Mulhouse        1990  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Eulemur     macaco  -             1986  Montpellier     1996  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Lemur       catta   -             1976  Montpellier     1994  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Varecia     variegata variegata   1985  Mulhouse        1990  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Varecia     variegata variegata   1993  xxx             1994  Montpellier zoo
455  +  Macaca      mulatta  -            1986  Ravensden UK    1992  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Macaca      mulatta  -            1986  Ravensden UK    1993  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Macaca      mulatta  -            1988  Ravensden UK    1991  Montpellier zoo
 -   p  Saimiri     sciureus -            1987  Frejus France   1990  Frejus zoo
700  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
701  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
702  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
703  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
704  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
705  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Besancon zoo    1998  Besancon zoo
706  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
707  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
708  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
709  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
710  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
711  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
712  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
713  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
714  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
715  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
716  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
717  pc eulemur     hybrid   -               -  Strasbourg zoo  1998  Strasbourg zoo
 x   p  genus       species  -               -  Lille zoo       1996  Lille zoo
 y   p  genus       species  -               -  Lille zoo       1996  Lille zoo
 z   p  genus       species  -               -  Lille zoo       1996  Lille zoo
1    +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1986  Marwell zoo     1991  Pearle Coast AU
Duke +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1984  Marwell zoo     1992  Colchester zoo? UK
Saki +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1986  Marwell zoo     1993  unknown UK
Mich +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1986  Whipsnade       1993  Whipsnade UK
Fr1  +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1987  Whipsnade       1997  Safari de Peaugres FR
Fr2  +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      1991  Marwell zoo     1997  Safari de Peaugres Fr
xx   +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      19xx  xxx zoo         199x  Fota zoo IR
yy   +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      19xx  yyy zoo         1996+ yyyy zoo UK
zz   +  Actinonyx   jubatus  cheetah      19xx  zzz zoo         1996+ yyyy zoo UK
aaa  +  Felis       concolor puma         1986  Chester zoo     1991  Chester zoo UK
yy   +  Felis       concolor puma         1980  yyy zoo         1995  yyyy zoo UK
zz   +  Felis       concolor puma         1978  zzz zoo         1995  zzzz zoo UK
xxx  +  Felis       pardalis ocelot       1987  xxx             1994  Chester zoo UK
zzz  +  Felis       pardalis ocelot       1980  zzz             1995  zzzz zoo UK
zzz  +  Felis       pardalis ocelot       1980  zzz             2000  zzzzz zoo UK
85   +  Felis       catus    cat          1990+ various         1999+ various UK LI NO 
19   +  Canis       familia. dog          1992+ various         1999+ various UK 
Fota +  Panthera    tigris   tiger        1981  xxx zoo         1995  xxxx zoo UK
yy   +  Panthera    tigris   tiger        1983  yyy zoo         1998  yyyy zoo UK
Lump +  Panthera    leo      lion         1986  Woburn SP       1998  Dec Edinburgh zoo [since 1994]
zz   +  Panthera    leo      lion         1981  www             1999  May www zoo UK
Major+  Panthera    leo      lion         1987  Longleat safari 2000  Aug Newquay Zoo,Cornwall [since 1996]
1    +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1987  Port Lympne     1989  Port Lympne zoo UK
Moll +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1989  xx UK           1991  not Port Lympne UK
Nedd +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1989  xx UK           1991  not Port Lympne UK
Elec +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1990  xx UK           1992  not Port Lympne Uk
Daph p  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1988  xx UK           1990  not Port Lympne UK
zzz  +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1991  zz UK           1994  zzz UK 
yyy  +  Taurotragus oryx     eland        1993  yy UK           1995  yyy UK 
Fran p  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1985  London zoo      1987  London zoo UK
Lind +  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1987  London zoo      1989  London zoo UK
Karl +  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1988  London zoo      1990  London zoo UK
Kaz  +  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1988  London zoo      1991  London zoo UK
Bamb pc Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1988  London zoo      1991  London zoo UK
Step -  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1984  London zoo      1991  London zoo UK
346  pc Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1990  London zoo      1992  London zoo UK
324  +  Tragelaphus strepsi. kudu         1989  Marwell zoo     1992  London zoo UK
xxx  +  Tragelaphus angasi   nyala        1983  Marwell zoo     1986  Marwell zoo UK
yy   +  Oryx        gazella  gemsbok      1983  Marwell zoo     1986  Marwell zoo UK
zz   +  Oryx        gazella  gemsbok      1994+ zzz zoo         1996+ zzzz zoo UK
xx   +  Oryx        dammah   scim oryx    1990  xxxx zoo        1993  Chester zoo UK
yy   +  Oryx        leucoryx arab oryx    1986  Zurich zoo      1991  London zoo UK
yy   +  Bos         taurus   ankole cow   1987 yyy zoo          1995  yyyy zoo UK
zz   +  Bos         taurus   ankole cow   1986 zzz zoo          1991  zzzz zoo UK
xx   +  Bison       bison    Eu bison     1989 xxx zoo          1996  xxxx zoo UK
90 House Cats in 4 Countries
Year1990199119921993199419951996199719981999
Cases121210111686(1)6(2)4(2)2(1)

Figures in brackets indicate the number of animals that can be clearly identified as having been born after September 1990 (i.e. the date the ban on the use of specified bovine offals was theoretically extended to any animal feed).

Total cats to date: 90 (including 1 in N Ireland, 1 in Norway, 1 in Lichtenstein). These numbers are gross under-statements of the extent of FSE.

Major the 3rd lion suffered from BSE

Times ... Wednesday 15 November 2000 By Simon De Bruxelles
Major the lion , which had to be put down after vets and a faith healer failed to cure his bad back, was suffering from a form of mad cow disease, it was disclosed yesterday. Vets thought the 12-year-old lion, star attraction at Newquay Zoo in Cornwall, had become lame as the result of an old back injury.

But despite attempts to cure him using conventional medicines, a magnetic collar and even a faith healer, his condition deteriorated and he was put down by zoo staff in August. A post mortem examination by a Ministry of Agriculture vet has now revealed that Major was suffering from BSE

Mike Thomas, the zoo's manager, said staff were shocked by the findings. No one had suspected he was suffering from the disease. Mr Thomas said: "It wasn't until we saw the results that we discovered he had FSE. It was never obvious that he had it. We had him put down for totally different reasons."

The lion may have contracted the disease from offal, possibly during his time at Longleat safari park in Wiltshire, where he was bred. Keith Harris, the headkeeper at Longleat, said Major could have contracted FSE before restrictions on offal were imposed in 1989. He said: "The Ministry of Agriculture made a directive in 1989 to stop feeding offal, spinal cord and brains to them.

"Major was born and bred here and went to Newquay around three or four years ago. He was getting a lot of stick from other males in the pride and it was quite handy to give him to Newquay Zoo. We do not have any problems to date here at Longleat."

Major's half-brother Ronnie, 15, has gone to Newquay from Longleat to take Major's place. Mr Thomas said he was concerned for the health of the lion. He said: "Clearly this is going to be of utmost concern to our keepers and we will be keeping a close eye on him."

Since 1976 at least 20 big cats including pumas , lions , tigers and cheetahs , have died from BSE-related illnesses at zoos and safari parks in Britain.

A Ministry of Agriculture spokeswoman said: "Vets say there will be one or two cases a year until the older animals die out. The animals were fed on high risk material before 1989."

Injured lion destroyed by zoo had feline BSE

Wednesday 15 November 2000 By Richard Savill Telegraph
A lion who was destroyed by zookeepers after failing to recover from back injuries was suffering from the feline equivalent of mad cow disease. A post-mortem examination by the Ministry of Agriculture vet found that 12-year-old Major had BSE. He was injured in a fight with another lion at Newquay Zoo, Cornwall.

Michael Thomas, the zoo manager, said the findings, three months after Major's death, had left staff shocked and surprised . He said: "I would expect that it would have had to come from Major eating part of a whole carcass because it is the brain and spinal cord which carry the disease."

A Ministry of Agriculture spokesman said: "We are quite confident that animals that have contracted spongiform encephalopathy had been infected prior to feeding controls put into effect in the late 80s. Vets say there will be one or two cases a year until the older animals die out."

France to ban all animal-based feed

Tue, Nov 14, 2000 By EMMANUEL GEORGES-PICOT  Associated Press Writer
France on Tuesday announced the suspension of animal-based feed for all livestock and the banning of T-bone steaks as part of a series of measures to reduce the spread of mad cow disease.

Prime Minister Lionel Jospin said the temporary ban on the use of animal-based feeds for all livestock -- including fish, chicken and pork -- would take effect Wednesday. A decision on a full ban would be made once the French agency for food safety assesses risks associated with such feeds, which could take 3-4 months.

Jospin also said that T-bone steaks, a cut that harbors potential risks because it is near the bone, were being banned immediately in France. He announced a series of other measures to protect the food chain from bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease. The brain-wasting ailment is suspected by scientists to be linked to a similar human malady, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Three cases of the disease are known in France, compared to more than 85 in Britain, where mad cow disease hit in 1996. Public concern has heightened since it was revealed last month that potentially infected meat had made it to supermarket shelves before being hastily withdrawn.

"The government has decided to suspend the use of animal-based livestock feed and bone meal for pigs, poultry, fish as well as pets," Jospin said in televised comments.

Initially an opponent to a ban on animal-based feed, the Socialist prime minister had been under growing pressure since conservative President Jacques Chirac called last week for a total ban on such feeds.

France banned the use of animal-based feed for cows in 1990 and other ruminants six years later. Today, only chicken, pork and farm-raised fish are allowed to be given animal-based feeds. The French government is seeking to eliminate the risk of cross-contamination of feeds for cows from feeds for chickens, pork and farm.

Jospin also announced measures to help protect consumers, including a review of slaughterhouse practices to reduce the chance of banned animal parts creeping into meat products. The measure means that 870,000 tons of feed must be incinerated.

Fear of Diseased Beef Deepens in France's Supermarket Aisles

November 15, 2000 By SUZANNE DALEY Agence France-Presse
French farmers seeking to allay fears about mad cow disease offered grilled beef to passers-by in Lille. Beef sales have dropped since a French farmer was arrested for knowingly selling a diseased cow three weeks ago.

At lunch time in a city-owned slaughterhouse here, employees began spraying hot water and disinfectant across the bloodstained cement floors, putting lids on the containers of identification tags taken from cows as they were killed and sharpening knives so that work could begin again in the afternoon.

But for the last two weeks, an afternoon shift has not always been needed. Orders at the slaughterhouse are down by 30 percent. At the Paris wholesale meat market, business has been worse, with sales of beef dropping by nearly 50 percent on some days. Television crews have shown farmers returning home with their prize-winning cows, unable to sell them at any price.

The number of reported cases of the disease has been rising steadily in France this year. The real panic in France set in three weeks ago after a farmer was arrested for trying to sell a diseased cow for slaughter. The authorities were able to intercept the cow, but not before thousands of pounds of suspect meat from the same herd had been sold.

Last year, France recorded just 31 cases of the disease. The rising numbers are in part due to a new testing program that focuses on cows that are most at risk. That program has identified 39 cases. But still 60 new cases were identified in the usual way, far more than were found in 1999. Many scientists had expected that this year, five years after safety precautions were put in place, the number of cases would be declining...

France Reports 3 New Cases of Mad Cow Disease

Tue, Nov 14, 2000 COMTEX Newswire
France reported Tuesday three new cases of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). The new cases added to 99 the total number of BSE cases registered so far this year in France and 179 since the appearance of BSE in the country in 1995.

The French Ministry of Agriculture said that all the cases took place on the milk cows of Prim'Holstein race, and the three cows suffering from BSE are aged from six to seven.

French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin announced Tuesday that the government will ban all meat and bone meal from animal feed as a measure of precaution against BSE.

A poll published Tuesday said that four out of every 10 Frenchmen and Frenchwomen intend to decrease their consumption of beef. The poll, conducted by the weekly magazine Paris Match among 1, 002 people, shows that 51 percent of the French population are not affected by the mad cow scare and only 7 percent have stopped eating beef. BSE is believed to have resulted in some cases of Creutzfelt Jakob among human consumers of the beef infected with the disease.

France faces mountain of animal waste after ban

Reuters Business Report By Emmanuel Jarry
France will have to destroy more than three times as many animal carcasses as it does now after banning animal feed products to ease consumer fears about mad cow disease, Prime Minister Lionel Jospin said on Tuesday.

Jospin announced a ban on the sale of T-bone steaks and the use of meat and bone meal in all animal feed as precautionary steps against the spread of the disease, pending research by national food safety agency AFSSA.

But the ban has raised a new set of problems as a sharp rise in the incineration of animal carcasses could belch pollutants like dioxin into the air and create a more serious hazard than the health risk of the feed. The ban meant slaughterhouses would have to destroy a total of 740,000 tonnes of the dusty brown meat and bone meal and 275,000 tonnes of fat per year, Jospin told a news conference.

"Of this total, 130,000 tonnes representing hazardous tissues removed at the abattoir are already destroyed by incineration," he said. "870,000 tonnes per year of extra meal and fat will therefore have to be stocked and destroyed."

Unions representing butchers and animal feed makers estimate the annual cost of Tuesday's measure will be close to five billion francs ($650 million). Jospin said the cost was still being studied but would probably total several billion francs. "The finance and farm ministers will prepare, in consultation with all sector participants, the financing terms of these measures," the prime minister said.

Addressing the problem of capacity constraints, Jospin said outside contractors could incinerate an extra 486,000 tonnes of meal and 40,000 tonnes of fat in the short term. "Additional capacities estimated at around 350,000 tonnes should be mobilised by June 2001. Beyond that, other incineration capacities must be studied," he said.

In the meantime, the problem was finding warehouses to stock the meal and fat without creating a danger to human health or the environment. The government has already found additional storage capacities for around 200,000 tonnes of meal and was searching for other storage sites, said Jospin. Defence Minister Alain Richard has proposed commandeering some military sites.

Environment Minister Dominique Voynet said all sites would have to pass strict sanitary and environmental criteria. "We must respect specific storage conditions in order to avoid the risk of heating of the meal stock and perhaps of fire," she said. "We will therefore be very demanding on the choice of sites."

Voynet, a member of the Green Party in Jospin's left-wing coalition government, also sought to reassure the public on the possible emission of dioxins, saying the toxic chemical was produced mainly by old incinerators. "If we must build new facilties to eliminate meat and bone meal, it will be by definition incinerators which perfectly respect European norms and therefore do not emit dioxin," the minister told reporters.

     October 21 - France's Agriculture Ministry says about a tonne of beef
from a herd in which a case of mad cow disease has been discovered had been
sold to supermarket chain Carrefour.
     November 3 - Russia and Hungary impose restrictions on imports of
French beef.
     November 6 - Revolt against the French government's beef safety
assertions widens as authorities in southwestern city of Toulouse ban the
meat from school canteen menus. At least 89 officially reported cases of
BSE so far this year.
     November 7 - President Chirac urges government to suspend the use of
meat and bone meal in all animal feed immediately.
     November 8 - The Spanish government bans imports of live breeding
cattle from France. French Farm Minister Jean Glavany announces that both
he and his children eat beef, in an effort to reassure French consumers.
     November 10 - Farm Minister Jean Glavany rejects a proposal from the
main farm union FNSEA to slaughter millions of cattle in order to wipe out
BSE.
     November 13 - French beef producers call on the European Union to ban
the use of meat and bone meal in all animal feed.
     November 14 - After talks with key ministers, French President Lionel
Jospin announces a series of steps including a ban on the use of bone and
meatmeal in animal feedstuffs, random tests for cattle entering
slaughterhouses and more funds for research into mad cow disease.
  

BSE-test for all older cattle in the EU

 Brussels EU press release, 13 November 2000
Byrne and Fischler proposing BSE-test for all older cattle in the EU

European consumers have reacted strongly to the recent developments in relation to BSE in France. Commissioner David Byrne, responsible for Health and Consumer Protection and Commissioner Franz Fischler, responsible for Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development insist on as much transparency as possible on the extent of BSE in the European cattle population. The European Commission will be proposing to Member States to put in place a comprehensive BSE-testing of all bovine animals, above a certain age. These tests would serve as an extra guarantee to consumers as to the safety of the beef they are consuming, complementing the existing stringent protection standards in place. The options how to put the programme in practice will be discussed in the Standing Veterinary Committee which will meet on Wednesday this week (15 November 2000) and in the Agriculture Council on 20 November.

Commenting on the suggestion, David Byrne said: "One of the major lessons I have learned in dealing with BSE is that the political establishment must be fully transparent with the public on the issue. There must be no hidden agendas. No distortions. No false assurances. Transparency, information and open dialogue must guide our actions. [Not a good idea then to have deceptive nonsense in the very same press release, below -- webmaster]

We must make known the risks and the protective measures which we have introduced to tackle those risks. At the Community level, we have put in place a comprehensive series of controls which I am satisfied reduce the risk of a very low level. The envisaged programme will however increase information and transparency to the consumer and further strengthen our controls."

Franz Fischler added: " I am very conscious of the huge public concern at the extent of the disease in our cattle herd. It is our responsibility - at both the national and the Community level - to take that concern very seriously. I am convinced that farmers agree with me that it is of utmost importance to restore public trust in beef products."

The testing programme is closely linked to the age of the animal since only cattle above a certain age develop clinical symptoms of BSE due to the long incubation period of the disease. Current BSE-tests can only be applied on the brain of a dead animal (post-mortem). [Unfortunately csttle can be highly infectious prior to displaying overt symptoms. -- webmaster]

The testing programme agreed upon earlier and entering into force EU-wide from 1 January 2001 onwards was targeted at animals at risk (animals showing neurological symptoms) and foresaw around 170 000 tests. Some Member States have already started with their testing programme, which led in France to the detection of previously undetected BSE-cases.

Commissioner Byrne reiterated his call on Member States to introduce earlier than planned the testing programme and enlarge it substantially (see IP/00/1286 of Friday, 10 November 2000).

Over the past six years, the EU has put in place [or talked about putting place -- webmaster] several important laws which considerably reduce the level of risk of any exposure to BSE-infected cattle by humans. The most important ones are:

- The ban on the feeding of mammalian meat and bone meal to ruminants [but BSE is still ok to feed pigs, chicken and fish -- webmaster];

- The much higher standards for the rendering of animal waste [which have little effect on inactivating the prion protein -- webmaster];

- The requirement to remove and destroy specified risk materials, i.e. spinal cord, brain [which would still leave plenty of infectivity in place -- webmaster];

- The active surveillance measures to detect cases of BSE, including the introduction of random tests.

These control measures now applying are a huge improvement on the past situation [how is this being measured? -- webmaster]. They are all based on open and transparent scientific advice. They can however only work if they are rigorously implemented. Member States have the responsibility to ensure that these controls are implemented strictly.

Commissioners Byrne and Fischler consider that the exact and full implementation of these measures in all Member States should ensure the high level of public health protection that the consumer expects.

France has seen the increase of BSE cases over the past months, partly as a consequence of the testing programme put in place. While being clearly disturbing, the figures must be looked at in perspective. The current higher incidence amounts to about 7 cases per million bovines aged over 2 years. This compares with the internationally recognised level of 100 cases per million for high incidence Member States.

EU seeks to calm fears over French mad cow outbreak

Wed, Nov 15, 2000 By PAUL AMES Associated Press Writer
The European Union sought Wednesday to calm fears sparked by an increase in the detection of cattle with "mad cow" disease in France, where many scared consumers have stopped eating beef.

The EU's head office said in a statement that the sudden increase in cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE, found in France was largely due to improved testing rather than any spread of the fatal, brain-wasting ailment widely known as mad cow disease.

"The increased incidence in France has to be viewed in perspective," said the European Commission. "It currently amounts to seven cases per million cattle over two years, well below the international standard for high-risk countries of 100 per million."

Nevertheless, the EU's top public health official warned governments around Europe to intensify safety controls to prevent a spread of the disease. "This relatively low incidence is no reason for complacency," EU Health Commissioner David Byrne told the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. "We must remain extremely vigilant."

The latest scare has French cooks abandoning boeuf bourguignon, steak tartare and other beef-based gastronomic favorites. The EU said beef consumption is down 40 percent as a "crisis of public confidence" grips France. Spain has banned imports of French breeding cattle and Italy has warned it may also impose restrictions.

To help allay the spreading concern, Byrne has proposed extending testing for the disease to include millions of cattle all over Europe. Veterinary experts from the 15 EU nations discussed the proposals Wednesday prior to next week's meeting of European farm ministers.

The EU already has a plan in place to extend annual testing to some 170,000 animals next year. Under the new proposals, those tests centered on high-risk cattle would be extended to include all older animals in the EU's cattle herd of 40 million.

The huge extension of the tests would start to weigh on budgets. One BSE testing kit costs 30 euros (dlrs 26), excluding the cost of veterinarian fees and laboratory personnel. Some nations where no native cases of BSE have been detected have balked a the potential expense. EU officials hope an agreement can be found soon after next week's meeting. The EU Commission also said it would propose the creation of a storage scheme to help farmers unable to sell their beef in the current crisis.

To the applause of the EU assembly, Byrne upbraided governments for failing to strictly implement existing EU safety checks, saying their laxity was "unacceptable" and "foolhardy." "The public need reassurance that controls already in place are effective," he told the Strasbourg parliament. "Extensive testing now appears to be the most effective means of providing such reassurance."

Some 90 cases of BSE have been found in France this year compared to 31 cases in 1999. Increases have also been detected in Ireland and Belgium, although at a lower rate the EU said.

The French cases pale, however, in comparison with the mad cow outbreak in Britain where some 180,000 cattle were affected, causing the EU to ban British beef exports in 1996. That ban was lifted last year after Britain introduced a raft of new safety measures.

France stepped up its own safety controls Tuesday with a ban on the use of animal-based feed for all livestock and prohibition of T-bone steaks. BSE is suspected by scientists to be linked to a similar human variant, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Two deaths from the disease are known in France, compared to more than 80 in Britain.

EU orders repeat inspection of national BSE controls

Nov. 15 2000 By Tim King, BridgeNews
EU's Byrne: BSE is "a real and present danger, rise in French BSE cases is "worrying"

Existing controls to contain the spread of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or mad cow disease must be rigidly enforced by national authorities, the European Commissioner for Health and Protection David Byrne said Wednesday. Addressing the European Parliament, he said the alternative to these controls "leads toward an outright ban on meal and bone meal."

Byrne said he would be asking the European Commission's Food and Veterinary Office to repeat a "fundamental and thorough" inspection in the EU member states to check that existing controls were properly implemented. Commenting on events in France, where there is a rising tide of concern about the incidence of BSE, the Commissioner told the European Parliament that "once more we are reminded that BSE is not a historic event but a real and present danger."

He said: "The fact is, the incidence is rising in several member states. In the absence of clear and transparent evidence that the incidence of BSE is falling, in all member states, we must remain extremely vigilant." He said the rising number of cases in France was "a worrying increase" but was in part the result of targeted testing.

The current incidence of BSE in France, at about seven cases per million cattle aged over two years, was "far short of the international criterion of 100 cases per million used to define high incidence countries." [This seems arbitrary. This works out to 1 cow in 10,000 ie that 1 in 11,000 is somehow ok. -- webmaster]

His message of reassurance to the parliament was: "there is a battery of controls on the statute book. If these controls are respected and implemented, the risk to the public is reduced to a minimum."

He called for the Parliament to back recent Commission proposals for a European Food Authority and for increased testing for BSE on older cattle. He said in looking to explain the increased incidence of BSE in France and other member states, "time and again the finger of blame points in the direction of contaminated meat and bone meal (MBM)."

He said the evidence suggested that increased BSE originated in the period before controls on MBM were reinforced in 1996. The current controls were strict, he said. They included a ban on MBM for use in feed for sheep and cattle; a requirement that MBM be pressure cooked to high standards; that parts of the animal that were most likely to carry the infectious BSE agent, specified risk materials, should be removed; and various surveillance measures, including random testing.

"These controls can only be effective if properly implemented," he said. Many inspections by the Commission's Food and Veterinary Office point to weaknesses in the implementation of these controls....This is unacceptable on public health grounds. It is also foolhardy as the alternative to these controls leads toward an outright ban on meat and bone meal with the attendant huge financial and environmental consequences."

He said he wanted "urgent on-the-ground confirmation" from the FVO that the requirement introduced on Oct. 1 for the removal of specified risk materials was being enforced.

Italy's health minister says people should eat without fear

Mon, Nov 13, 2000 AP WorldStream
Italy's health minister, himself a doctor, sought on Monday to ease citizens' fears about mad cow disease, insisting that Italians can safely eat meat from animals raised in the country. Umberto Veronesi, a tumor specialist, was also quoted as urging an overall ban on animal meal in feed for all animals.

"We can't run the risk that, after mad cow, one must also run a similar risk with chickens or pigs, for example," Veronesi was quoted as saying by the Italian news agency ANSA in Catania, Sicily, where he was participating in a medical conference.

After an increase in reported cases of mad cow disease in neighboring France, butchers in Italy have said some consumers are nervous about buying meat, although Italy so far has been spared any epidemic of the fatal animal disease.

"Italians can eat without fear meat from animals raised in our country," Veronesi said. He urged testing bovine animals that are older than two years and ready for slaughter. "If everybody follows this rule, and would put into effect, as we are doing, starting Jan. 1 the mandatory certification, the disease will disappear in all of Europe," the health minister said.

Italy is expected to lobby for tighter controls to prevent the spread of mad cow disease when European Union veterinary experts meet on Wednesday to discuss the problem. EU Commission head Romano Prodi told reporters in northern Italy Monday that he doubted that closing national borders to beef imports would solve the mad cow problem.

"If there is a country which, in the past, was unbending about closure, it was France, and it found itself with mad cow disease in its own backyard," Prodi was quoted as saying.

On Monday, fearing a further spread of the mad cow scare, the European Commission called for a huge increase of testing on cattle in the 15 European Union nations. Mad cow disease, also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE, has so far spared herds in Spain, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Greece, Finland and Austria [according to voluntary reporting without testing, despite massive imports of infected feed. -- webmaster]

The brain-devouring illness in cattle has been linked to a variant strand of the fatal human disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob. At the height of the Britain outbreak in 1996, the EU banned all British beef exports but lifted the prohibition in August 1999.

In Tuscany, Italy, a cattle-breeding area, health officials on Mondy said there was no call for alarm after a woman in her 60s was hospitalized in a Florence hospital with a suspected case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob. Doctors said the woman's illness was apparently not the variant type linked to the cattle disease.

Meat's off school menus; Italy talks tough

Tue, Nov 14, 2000 By FRANCES D'EMILIO  Associated Press Writer
Italy's agriculture minister threatened Tuesday to halt most beef imports from France if the European Union fails to block the exports to keep mad cow disease from spreading. A number of cities began taking beef off school menus as a precaution.

Except for two cows imported from Britain to Sicily a few years ago, no animal has been diagnosed in Italy as having mad cow disease, officials say, but a surge of the brain-eating disease in neighboring France recently has made Italian consumers skittish about buying beef.

While Italy says its own cattle are safe to eat, much beef is imported from France and other European countries. Rome, Milan, Florence, Genoa and other cities dropped beef from school menus.

Agriculture Minister Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio, in an interview with Associated Press Television News, pushed for a European Union-wide suspension of beef imports from France. "We believe the whole European Union should ban the use of animal feed," the minister said, in reference to the practice of feeding bone meal and other meat parts to poultry, fish as well as to grazing animals. The minister added: "We demand that transfer of animals from country to country be suspended if there is a problem with adult bovine livestock. But this has to be a decision taken by the European Union."

"Obviously, if the permanent European veterinary committee (of the EU) isn't able to take this decision, I don't rule out that, on the advice of our veterinary services, Italy would suspend imports of livestock older than 24 months" from France, the minister said.

France announced on Tuesday that it is suspending the use of animal-based feed for all livestock in France. Last week Italy pushed for a meeting of EU veterinary experts, now set for Wednesday.

In the northwestern region of Piedmont, which borders France, one town, Cuneo, ordered its schools to post a certificate showing where the beef served to children came from and certifying that no animal meal was used to feed the livestock.

A major Italian consumer group, Codacons, demanded that Italy's ministers of health as well as agriculture issue decrees immediately banning beef imports from France.

Mad cow fears dampen Spain's beef sales

Thu, Nov 16, 2000 Reuters
Alarm over the mad cow crisis sweeping Europe has dampened Spanish beef sales by between 10 and 15 percent in one week, El Mundo newspaper reported on Thursday. But panic over bovine spongiform encephalopathy or mad cow disease has deterred buyers to a lesser extent than in the 1996 outbreak in Britain, the paper said.

Last week the Spanish government banned imports of live breeding cattle over 20 months old from France and Ireland. But the Union of Small Farmers and Agriculturalists (UPA) urged more precautions, including a ban on all live cows and beef from France and Ireland.

"We've watched the alarm in neighbouring France and the minimum we want is more control here," Esteban Lopez, UPA spokesman, told Reuters. "We need more effective food labelling and soon," he said.

Swiss say beef safe despite French mad cow panic

Reuters World Report Wed, Nov 15, 2000 By Marcel Michelson
Swiss health officials insisted on Wednesday the country's beef was safe to eat despite a panic over mad cow disease spilling across its border from France.

"We are about to issue a statement that there is no risk to eating beef in Switzerland," Roland Charriere, head of meat inspection at the federal health office, told Reuters.

Consumer panic over bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow disease and its link to a fatal brain-wasting disease in humans led France to ban the sale of beef-on-the-bone and suspend the use of suspect animal feed products on Tuesday.

Swiss butchers' association director Balz Horber said that sales of beef were down by five to 10 percent in the Geneva area but remained stable in the rest of the country.

"It is mainly a confidence problem, not a quality problem," Horber said on the sidelines of the annual Swiss master butchers' meeting in Zurich, where mad cow disease was a prominent, if uninvited, guest at the proceedings. Especially in French-speaking Switzerland there is a lot of excitement (about mad cow)," Hans Wyss of the government veterinary office said. "We have taken all necessary measures since 1990 and to our knowledge meat and meat products in Switzerland are without any problems," he added.

Switzerland was hit hard by mad cow disease in the early 1990s. There have been 353 cases of BSE since 1990 when the country banned brain and nerve tissue from animal feed. But there have been no reported Swiss cases of the new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, the brain-wasting human illness believed to be contracted by eating beef from contaminated cows and which has killed at least 80 people in Britain and two in France.

After the peak years of 1994 and 1995 -- with 63 and 66 cases -- the occurrence of mad cow disease is falling in Switzerland. In France it is on the rise with almost 100 cases this year compared to 30 last year.

Horber said the main Swiss worry was about two recent cases of mad cow disease in animals born after the 1996 ban on using parts of carcasses in animal feed for cattle -- seen as a cause of mad cow disease.

"We are quite certain that these cases are due to a mix-up of feeds destined for pigs or poultry that were given to cows," he said.

The association favours a total ban on using animal parts in animal feeds, but wants the government to help fund the annual costs of more than 100 million Swiss francs ($56.43 million) for giving up the cheap ingredients.

Switzerland provides almost 95 percent of the animals needed for its own beef consumption and all slaughterhouses are checked by veterinary doctors. Switzerland's potentially dangerous slaughter products are separated and incinerated by one company, Centravo.

Separately, another Swiss firm Prionics has developed a test to determine BSE in cows. It is already selling the test kits to France, Germany, Spain, Denmark and the Netherlands and would welcome a European Commission decision to make tests compulsory.

Swiss study ban on animal products in feed

COMTEX Newswire Wed, Nov 15, 2000
The Swiss federal government is considering banning animal products from liquid pig feeds, a Swiss Federal Veterinary Agency spokesman said Wednesday. On Nov. 3, the Swiss government proposed a ban on meat and bone meal (MBM) in all dry animal feeds including pig feed to prevent contamination of cattle feed with animal products. No date is yet available for implementation of the ban, the spokesman added.

There is no real danger of cross-contamination between liquid pig feed and dry cattle feed, but the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or mad cow disease dangers to pigs are still scientifically unclear, the spokesman said.

"A ban in liquid pig feeds is being considered as a precaution but no decision has yet been made," he said. It is possible that only pigmeat could be banned from pig feed.

No date is currently available for Switzerland's own start of a ban on MBM in all dry animal feeds. "We hope it will be imposed as soon as possible but this involves the parliamentary process and we can only say it is likely to be imposed in early 2001," he added.

Human vaccine prepared in animal brains

11 Nov 00 documents provided from WHO by Terry S. Singeltary Sr., Bacliff, Texas USA
WHO/CDS/CSR/APH/2000.2 pdf
7.6 Could vaccines prepared from animal brain tissue pose a risk of Transmission of TSEs to humans?

Franqois Meslin:

Over 40,000 deaths due to rabies are reported annually worldwide and each year seven to eight million people receive antirabies vaccine treatment following dog bites. Dog rabies poses a significant public health problem in Asia, as 85% of the human deaths due to rabies reported worldwide and 80% of the vaccine doses applied in developing countries come from this part of the world.

In many Asian countries such as Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, sheep-brain based Semple vaccine* is the only vaccine available free of cost. It represents 50 to 95% of all vaccine doses used for rabies post-exposure treatment, depending upon the country. A complete treatment consists of 10 subcutaneous daily injections of 2 to 5 ml (depending mainly on patient size and nature of the exposure) plus booster doses; that is a total of 25 to 50 ml of the 5 % sheep brain suspension injected over a 10-day period.

According to the literature, the reported rate of neuroparalytic complications following the use of this vaccine varies from 1:600 to 1:1575 administrations, and 20-25% of these lead to death. The exact incidence of neuroparalytic complications throughout India or other countries in the area is not known. However, in the State of Karnataka, India, 112 cases of neuroparalytic accidents were admitted in the past 20 years following Sempie vaccine administration. In contrast, the newly developed cell culture or embryonating egg vaccines are effective and safe, with lower and less severe complication rates.

In many Asian countries, Semple type vaccine has been used for the past 90 years. In India forty million ml of this vaccine are produced in this country to treat at least 500 000 persons each year. In Pakistan 450 000 and in Bangladesh 60 000 people receive Semple type vaccine after possible exposure to rabies. There is a theoretical risk of TSE transmission to humans through parenteral administration of these products. Although there is to date no evidence of such occurrences in human medicine, recent events in the TSE field have demonstrated that an animal TSE agent could affect human beings.

The situation is very similar regarding rabies vaccines for animal use. For example various Indian veterinary vaccine institutes prepare 100 million ml of Semple vaccine for use in both rabies pre-and post-exposure prophylaxis in dogs and food production animals each year. Scrapie could be theoretically transmitted to animal vaccine recipients, especially ruminants, through sheep-brain based vaccines such as Semple type vaccine.

This could happen because scrapie infectivity, if present, would not be inactivated by the manufacturing process. In this connection, a recent publication strongly suggests that scrapie was transmitted to sheep and goats [1998, in Italy -- webmaster] through the administration of a veterinary vaccine whose method of preparation is similar to the Semple type vaccine. In addition, various Asian countries have begun to use animal tissues as feed supplement for intensive sheep and dairy cattle production.

This introduces an additional, though still theoretical, possibility that scrapie, or even BSE, could spread among the sheep population and enter the sheep flocks that are used as a source of rabies vaccine production for human or animal use. In areas where the status of animal TSE is not well documented, this risk cannot be totally ruled out, though it may be remote, as there is no test available at present to detect pre-clinical cases of prion disease in sheep.

* 15=B-propiolactone inactivated or phenolized antirabies vaccine containing 5% suspension of sheep brain infected with a fixed strain of rabies virus.

Louping-ill vaccine accident
Italian vaccine TSE accident
Another possible vaccine related TSE incident to man...
Vaccines imports list to U.S.A
CJD/Vaccines/Children -- Confidential
Not For Publication Commercial In Confidence
Commercial In Confidence/BSE/Surgical Implants/blood
Minutes of the Biologicals Committee
Medicines Act 1968 'no restrictions except for scrapie

UK government efforts to sabotage Dealler

Dr. Stephen Dealler. MBChB, FRCPath, MRCPath, DTMH, FRSTMH, DMM, MD.
Consultant Microbiologist presentation to BSE: The Misappliance of Science Press conference 26 Oct 2000

Worked on BSE since 1988. He took specific action following the lack of
an offal ban after the Southwood Report, which he felt to be a major
error. CJD web site

Research interests: risk analysis statistics, methods of diagnosis and
treatment. Secretary of Spongiform Encephalopathy Research Campaign
(SERC) started in 1993.
"It is vital that The Phillips inquiry report leads to a major change in the way in which science is looked on by Government in the UK.

Due to the way in which science has progressed over the last century it has become difficult for individuals to claim to be experts in complete fields of science. As such when a new condition,and particularly a fatal disease for which there is no treatment, appears, the specific experts must be asked by Government for their opinion.

I found that independent scientists could not put their information to the Government, that advisors were picked in order to avoid problems, that the advice they gave was ignored if it disagreed with opinions of civil servants. All of this is confirmed in this damning report.

The advising committees ware given specific data and only asked to answer specific questions. This enabled officials to make the decisions they wanted without having to claim that they were advised otherwise. Plainly this must now change. The argument that these methods had succeeded over many years and had permitted a reliable and stable government system, has become unacceptable.

My own feeling, being treated as an apparent maverick that was not to be listened to hurt me greatly. Attempts ware made to prevent my findings being published or accepted by officials, and pressure was put on my employers to stop my work. Actions such as these prevented information getting to the public or parliament. Even if it did it was not taken seriously. It is easy to shoot the messenger bearing bad news, but everything I have said over the years has been accepted. The arrogance of Government avoiding information that it does not want must stop.

When Chamberlain waved the agreement with Hitler to the people, everyone wanted to believe it. But that did not stop Hitler from acting. When MAFF told Parliament, and the people that BSE was not a risk, we all wished it to be true, but that did not stop the problems taking place.

I am absolutely fed up, as a standard scientist in the field, from being treated as a bad guy, I have had enough of being one of the few people that would put over the true information to the press (and find that the press had been told - quite untruly - that I was an untrustworthy vegetarian with an underlying agenda for my action). The people in this country must not rely on a small number of academics putting their heads on the line in the future.

I trust that the major actions demanded by Lord Phillips will be carried out. This must include building into the system a way of ensuring that scientists are not silenced and that experts in the field are involved in decision-making.

British embargo on French beef sought

Tue, Nov 14, 2000 By Andrew Woodcock, Political Correspondent, PA News
There were calls today for a unilateral British embargo on imports of French beef, after Paris announced a ban on the sale of beef on the bone in response to growing fears over mad cow disease. The use of meat and bone meal in animal feed has been banned under the moves announced by French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

Countries including Russia and Hungary have announced their own embargoes on French beef, and Spain has barred the import of French cattle older than 20 months, but the European Union has not so far placed restrictions on exports.

Shadow agriculture minister Tim Yeo said it was time for the Government to take action alone to keep "sub-standard imports" out of Britain. In a letter to Agriculture Minister Nick Brown, Mr Yeo said that the French had admitted that their BSE controls were "inadequate" and that French beef might therefore pose a risk to human health.

He said: "The recent BSE inquiry set out clearly the risks that British consumers faced 10 years ago. The danger now is that similar risks may be being run because of Labour's refusal to act on sub-standard imports. I have written to Nick Brown urging him to ban the import of French beef. The Agriculture Minister's refusal to stand up to his French counterpart shows once again that he is more interested in protecting French farmers than British consumers."

The bans were welcomed by Liberal Democrat agriculture spokesman Colin Breed, who said they were "a bit late in the day". Mr Breed said: "France has been urged to ban meat and bone meal feed for a number of years. "A ban must mean a complete ban. All meat and bone meal feed must be withdrawn and destroyed immediately. There must be no possibility of any unintentional use of this animal feed."

Meat and bone meal has been banned from cattle feed in France since 1990, but today's announcement will bar it from food for other livestock, such as chickens, pigs and fish.

Fears over BSE in France have surged recently as a more aggressive testing procedure has led to the discovery of 80 cases of the disease in cattle this year. Two people have died from new variant CJD - the human version of BSE - in France and numerous schools have taken beef off the menu.

Windfall profits for US soybean exports?

Tue, Nov 14, 2000 COMTEX Bridge Newswire  By James Barnett
Analysts said the potential for an expanding European ban on bone and meat meal for use as animal feed could spur increased U.S. soymeal exports over the next few months. While European demand for vegetable meal could increase by 3.0 to 3.5 million tonnes, observers are hesitant to assume the size of any potential increase, as both the scope of the ban and the use of potential feed alternatives are currently unknown.

On Tuesday, French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin announced a suspension in the use of bone and meat meal for all animal feed. Floor traders at the Chicago Board of Trade attributed an early rally on Tuesday in U.S. soymeal futures to the announcement. However, views of the potential long-term impact of this ban were mixed. Brian Anderson, analyst with Anderson Commodities and Consulting in Shawnee Mission, Kan., said, "The change in policy represents a little increased demand spread over several months. It is not ravingly bullish but will make the market more sensitive to any problems with the South American soybean crop."

Expansion of bone meal ban assumed, but how far does it extend? The French ban on bone and meat meal could increase its demand for soymeal by around 500,000 tonnes. While this is potentially supportive, it does not represent a wholesale change in the world balance sheet. However, analysts forecast that a general ban on the use of bone meal as feed across Western and Central Europe could increase demand for vegetable meal protein by 3.0 to 3.5 million tonnes, which could have a substantial impact on prices.

Analysts said it is likely that Germany will adopt a similar ban to that in France, but the stance of other countries is less certain. "Common sense tells you that the ban will probably be expanded to other European countries," predicted Roy Huckabay, analyst with the Linn Group.

Where, oh where, does the bone meal go, to Rover and Fluffy? One of the main questions is what happens to French and other European bone meal. While the assumption is that most of it will be either incinerated or used for fertilizer and industrial uses, bone meal could be exported to other countries, most likely in Eastern Europe, that are less sensitive about the threat of Mad Cow disease.

"A lot of the bone meal produced in the EU already ends up in Eastern Europe," noted Anderson. An escalating ban would reduce the chances bone meal will be exported as feed, but many other countries have yet to officially commit to a ban, and analysts noted that previous internal EU barriers on feed components have proven somewhat porous.

"If the French export their bone meal to another country, it means the world balance sheet does not change," said Huckabay. Another possibility is that some of the banned bone and meat meal could find its way into European pet food. "The French ban includes pet food, unlike the English ban," said Huckabay, noting the position of other countries is not yet known.

While U.S. exporters may be hoping that Europe will turn to the U.S. for its increased protein needs, this is not a foregone conclusion. "The protein mix in Europe is very sophisticated, and there are a lot of options they could turn to," said Curtis Jones, analyst with the Linn Group. Jones mentioned feed wheat, fishmeal and feed peas as possible alternates. However, he said a lack of rapeseed meal should limit this as an option. "A smaller rapeseed crop along with smaller rapeseed crushing margins should argue against a big increase in rapeseed meal," he summarized.

Much of any increased demand bonanza could go to Brazil and Argentina, which are forecast to produce record large soybean crops this season. "There is an excellent chance the South American crop will be big enough for them to ship a lot more soybeans and soymeal next spring," noted Dale Gustafson, analyst with Smith Barney. Gustafson also noted a potential decline in European consumer demand for beef and other meats due to the Mad Cow scare could lead to poor returns to producers, which in turn could lead to a gradual shrinking of animal herds and reduction of feed demand.

Friday, the French Meat Center noted a plunge in beef sales in supermarkets (down 29% in the week ended Oct. 29), after news that beef from a herd infected with Mad Cow had been delivered to stores. The group forecast a further drop in sales to supermarkets and restaurants.

Bone meal ban may support but not drive soymeal rally. In the end, U.S. soymeal prices will probably need more than just increased European soymeal imports to sustain a rally. Even bullish analysts look at Tuesday's announcement as a complementary rather than a primary input. Huckabay said, "I have a target of $190 per short ton for front month futures at the CBT, although this will probably not happen until after Dec futures expire. The European ban on bone meal is just one component of the larger picture." Dec soymeal settled at $169.80 per short ton on Tuesday. "There is the potential for exports of both soybeans and soymeal to increase, but there is a lot of information we don't know yet," summarized Gustafson.

Frence to Destroy All Meat, Bone Meal for Animals

COMTEX Newswire Wed, Nov 15, 2000
French Authorities claim they will destroy all meat and bone meal used in the manufacture of animal feed, a French official advised Wednesday, one day after Prime Minister Lionel Jospin announced a ban on such feed to prevent the spread of "mad cow disease," or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

Francois Patriat, the French State Secretary for Consumption under the Ministry of Agriculture, said that France has the means to cope with this emergency situation. "If the government took some time in making this decision, it is because it wanted to be equipped with the means to collect and eliminate meat and bone meal in good circumstances," he told France Inter radio station.

France needs to destroy about one million tons of such feed within one year. It has so far destroyed 140,000 tons and is in the process of stocking and destroying 500,000 tons more now. Patriat added that France will replace meat and bone meal with vegetable meal for animals, including cattle, fowl and fish.

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